Prejudice of addiction to being an illness present regarding smoking in the N.H.S.

Smoking cessation groups and programmes are commonplace today in the National Health Service and locally in communities in the form of education programmes and information. In fact the concept of education that is opposing a cause could be seen as prejudice and derived on the notion and preoccupation that only the opposite is right and not wrong.

Although astonishingly enough to be also surprising an addiction today could be confronted as an illness like it would be before the 1950s by modern physicians in the United Kingdom and in conjunction to those programmes and their patients regarding smoking especially when mentally ill. Descriptions by physicians and practitioners such as ‘acute smoking addiction’ or ‘compulsive tobacco addiction’ or ‘compulsive tobacco disorder’ have recently made their presence and have emerged.

This is just as backdated for a phenomenon as the 1950s since when a life-spam generation has gone by. The following is a video narration excerpt of The Academy of Ideas proving that such things do not exist today nor are they a part of modern science:

Prior to the 1950’s, two claims about addiction were widely accepted. It was believed that it was only possible to become addicted to a substance, and Addiction was thought of as a disease.

An experiment conducted on rats by Peter Milner and James Olds in the 1950’s, however, caused scientists to reconsider these claims. In their experiment Olds and Milner implanted electrodes in a part of the brain thought to be associated with pain, and coupled the electrode with a metal bar which the rat could press to trigger the electrode. They expected that upon pressing the metal bar, the rat would feel a jolt of pain and run away, but to their surprise one rat pressed the bar more than seven thousand times in 12 hours. It ignored food and access to sexual partners. And its frantic activity only stopped when it died from exhaustion. Upon further investigation Olds and Milner found they had mistakenly placed the electrode in a part of the brain which regulates feelings of pleasure and which they later called “the pleasure centre”. 

This discovery peaked the curiosity of those who study addiction. It raised an interesting question. If a rat could become addicted to pressing a metal bar, could humans become addicted to behaviours which trigger their ‘pleasure centre’? 

Like all ideas which subvert the status quo, the concept of behavioural addiction was initially marginalized by the scientific community. But today their existence is widely accepted. 

Neuroscientists have discovered that so long as an action is rewarding and serves to ease psychological discomfort, the brain responds to it in a same way whether the action entails the consumption of a substance or the performance of a behaviour. 

This finding was used in support of the movement away from conceptualizing addiction as a disease to viewing it as a learning disorder which arises when an individual associates certain actions with pleasurable reliefs from psychological discomforts which they otherwise feel helpless to cope with. Whether one takes a drink or a hit of heroin to ease their suffering or compulsively check social media, so long as the reward circuits of our brain are stimulated, an addiction can form.”.

Hence practitioners and physicians have disregarded many composite facts when treating an addiction to smoking as a disease because they cannot treat their patients by means of smoking cessation and have lapsed into the last century or so by doing so since prior to the 1950s two claims about addiction were widely accepted; it was believed that it was only possible to become addicted to a substance or it was considered to be a disease.

Take the following poster for instance that indicates that smoking is unrelated to your breath which is not the same case in reality. Smoking forms conscientious breathing by taking a deliberate or purposeful breath. While breathing is essential to live and stay alive smoking perpetuates the condition of breathing as a physical need.

NHS and Southampton City Council encourage smokers to quit this Stoptober
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